Elastics (Rubber Bands)
Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands as instructed, and remember that the rubber bands work far more efficiently if they're worn as prescribed.
Headgear is used to treat patients whose teeth are in an overbite, with the upper jaw forward of the lower jaw, or an underbite with the lower jaw forward of the upper jaw. Headgear gently "pulls" on your teeth to restrict further forward growth of your upper teeth and jaw.
The palatal expander "expands" (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you will wear the appliance for several months to solidify the expansion and to prevent regression.
Lip Bumpers are used to create arch length (space) in the lower jaw of young, growing children to accomodate for future eruption of adult teeth.The primary cause of this problem is heredity. Other factors include late loss of primary(baby) teeth, or early loss of primary teeth due to decay. If left untreated, significant crowding could lead to the removal of permanent teeth. The Lip Bumper works with the natural forces of the lip, cheek and tongue muscles resulting in mild tooth movements.
Positioners complete the final tooth movements in your orthodontic treatment. With your full cooperation, you should only need to wear the positioner appliance for four to eight weeks.
Retainers may be removable or fixed. They hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment.
Separators or Spacers
Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators do not mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.
The Forsus appliance is used by Dr. Scott to help correct a moderate growth discrepancy between the upper and lower jaws. When the upper and lower jaws do not grow in harmony in the front to back relationship, problems may arise. These include: a large overbite, a receded lower jaw, crooked teeth, a deep bite and self-esteem problems to name a few.
The primary cause of this kind of growth problem is heredity. Because of this, the problem gets bigger with every growth spurt a person experiences. If this growth pattern goes untreated for too long a time, in some cases the only way to correct the problem is with jaw surgery.
A Facemask is used to move the upper jaw forward in patients who have an orthodontic problem called a "mid-face deficiency". An underbite is present. The underbite is not due to the lower jaw being too far forward It is present because the upper jaw has failed to grow forward enough. A Facemask can be considered a "reverse-pull headgear" The Facemask pulls the upper jaw forward to correct the underbite. The Facemask is connected to the appliance on the teeth by rubber bands. The rubber bands work to move the upper jaw forward.
Molar Distalizers (Springs)
A Molar Distalizer (SPRING) is an orthodontic appliance used by Dr. Scott to correct severe crowding in the upper arch. This appliance helps Dr. Scott to be able to treat many patients without the need to remove permanent teeth. The kind of crowding that springs are used to correct is caused by an abnormal eruption sequence of the permanent teeth. That is, the permanent teeth in the upper jaw have failed to erupt in the right order. The spring is compressed between the two wires. One wire is attached to the molar, and the other is attached to the tooth in front of the molar. As the spring pushes against the two wires, the molar is pushed back while the tooth in front stays in place because it is attached to the acrylic anchor in the palate.